диакон Андрей Кураев (diak_kuraev) wrote,
диакон Андрей Кураев

Славянофобия Энгельса

"This splendid land (the Balkans) has the misfortune to be inhabited by a conglomerate of different races and nationalities, of which it is difficult to say which of them are most incapable of progress and civilization..." Marx, "British politics" 9.04.1853

"... There is no country in Europe which does not have in some corner or other one or several ruined fragments of peoples, the remnant of a former population that was suppressed and held in bondage by the nation which later became the main vehicle of historical development. These relics of a nation mercilessly trampled under foot in the course of history, as Hegel says, these residual fragments of peoples always become fanatical standard-bearers of counter-revolution and remain so until their complete extirpation or loss of their national character, just as their whole existence in general is itself a protest against a great historical revolution. ...These are in Austria the South Slavs...

Among all the large and small nations of Austria, only three standard-bearers of progress took an active part in history, and still retain their vitality — the Germans, the Poles and the Magyars. Hence they are now revolutionary. All the other large and small nationalities and peoples are destined to perish before long in the revolutionary world storm. For that reason they are now counter-revolutionary.

But at the first victorious uprising of the French proletariat, which Louis Napoleon is striving with all his might to conjure up, the Austrian Germans and Magyars will be set free and wreak a bloody revenge on the Slav barbarians. The general war which will then break out will smash this Slav Sonderbund and wipe out all these petty hidebound nations, down to their very names. The next world war will result in the disappearance from the face of the earth not only of reactionary classes and dynasties, but also of entire reactionary peoples. And that, too, is a progress.

(Engels, "the Magyar Struggle" [Kampf Der Magyarische] 13.01.1849)

People have learned by bitter experience that the "European fraternal union of peoples" cannot be achieved by mere phrases and pious wishes, but only by profound revolutions and bloody struggles; they have learned that the question is not that of a fraternal union of all European peoples under a single republican flag, but of an alliance of the revolutionary peoples against the counter-revolutionary peoples, an alliance which comes into being not on paper, but only on the battlefield.

And all that by way of thanks for the Germans having given themselves the trouble of civilizing the stubborn Czechs and Slovenes, and introducing among them trade, industry, a tolerable degree of agriculture, and culture!...

as certain as are for the Czechs, Croats and Russians the hatred of all Europeans and a most bloody revolutionary war of the entire west against them...

To the sentimental phrases about brotherhood which we are being offered here on behalf of the most counter-revolutionary nations of Europe, we reply that hatred of Russians was and still is the primary revolutionary passion among Germans; that since the revolution hatred of Czechs and Croats has been added, and that only by the most determined use of terror against these Slav peoples can we, jointly with the Poles and Magyars, safeguard the revolution...

then fight, "a merciless struggle for life and death" with the Slavs who betray the revolution, the struggle for the destruction and ruthless terror — not in the interests of Germany, but in the interests of the revolution!...

(Engels, "Democratic pan-Slavism", Neue Rheinische, 14-16.02.1849)


да, с купюрами:

Написано Ф. Энгельсом 14—16 февраля 1849г.
Напечатано в «Neue Rheinische Zeitung» №№222 и 223; 15 и 16 февраля 1849г.

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